Access to Post-Conviction DNA Testing - Innocence Project.
Postconviction DNA Testing: Recommendations for Handling Requests v National Commission on the Future of DNA Evidence The National Commission on the Future of DNA Evidence was created in 1998 at the request of Attorney General Janet Reno. When she read about the use of DNA to exonerate someone.
Specifically, IPA creates a Post-Conviction DNA Testing Grant Program, authorizes grants to states for improving their capital prosecution and capital defender programs, and provides funding to assist families of murder victims.
In an article by Benjamin Fleury-Steiner it states that the Innocence Project is a nonprofit legal clinic that originally conferred only on cases where post conviction DNA testing of evidence could demonstrate an individual’s innocence.
DNA testing is used in determining parentage but is more widely known for the use in criminal cases. DNA testing is a powerful and reliable form of forsenic evidence that can beyond a shadow of a doubt reveal whether a person is innocence or guilt.
The Protection of Freedoms Act 2012 came into force on 31 October 2013. Sections 1 to 25 of the Act cover DNA and fingerprint retention. 1.1 Why was the Protection of Freedoms Act introduced?
In law, post-conviction refers to the legal process which takes place after a trial results in conviction of the defendant. After conviction, a court will proceed with sentencing the guilty party.
Post-conviction DNA exoneration has largely been an American phenomenon; other countries have not reported a proportionate spate of post-conviction DNA exonerations. Exposure of miscarriages in general seems to occur most frequently in the US and more often in the common law countries than in continental Europe (Schiffer 2009).